Control Measures of Soil Pollution

The natural resource, soil, is that the skinny layer of organic and inorganic materials that covers the Earth's rocky surface. Soil formation involves an outsized range of things and could be a time taking method. Mechanical weathering of rocks attributable to temperature changes, wind, moving water, lichens are a couple of of the contributing factors.

Pollutants like toxic compounds, radioactive materials, salts, chemicals, when added to the soil, deteriorate the standard, texture and mineral content of the soil. This ends up in soil pollution. Soil pollutants disturb the biological balance of the organisms within the soil. The adverse result of this contamination is reduced soil fertility affecting plant and animal growth.

Major causes of soil pollution are:

- Random use of fertilizers

- Random use of pesticides,insecticides and herbicides

- Dumping of radioactive wastes

- Addition of business contaminants

- Disposal of huge quantities of solid waste

- Deforestation and soil erosion

Control of soil pollution

Various steps recommended so as to manage soil pollution are as follows:

Reducing chemical fertilizer and pesticide use:

As the soil erosion has become a serious explanation for concern we'd like to adopt the 3 R's: scale back, Reuse, and Recycle so as to reduce the usage of fertilizers and pesticides.

Biofertilizers are the simplest alternatives for chemical fertilizers. they're microorganisms that are used to extend the fertility and growth capability of soil. This method of Biofertilization conjointly reduces the necessity for pesticides and fungicides.

Practice of crop rotation - Leguminous plants will fix atmospheric nitrogen and hence enhance the soil fertility. These plants may be grown in between the crops that absorb plenty of soil nutrients.

Recycling of materials

Recycling and reusing of materials like glass containers, plastic luggage, paper, cloth etc. At domestic levels instead of disposing, reduces the solid waste pollution. Use of plastic luggage has increased drastically. Paper luggage or jute luggage may be a decent various for them. Toys created of clay may be a decent supply of amusement for teenagers. A whole ban on the employment of plastics is advisable.


Wastelands, soil erosion and floods may be controlled by reforestation. Huge forests became prey to man's greed. It takes years along to reform a forest. Each individual on earth ought to conceive to plant trees to avoid wasting our planet earth.

Treatment of waste

Biological treatment of the waste using anaerobic microorganisms, like methanogens and acetogens is advisable because it helps to interrupt down the soil wastes into a less toxic and biodegradable kind. Industrial and radioactive wastes ought to be properly treated before leaving them to soil.

It is high time the person realizes the importance of the made prime soil and takes necessary steps to guard it from pollutants. Soil is an asset and there's no substitute for this. Wide stretches of desserts created by mortals are laughing at us. we tend to after we cannot produce tanks and tanks of natural fertile soil ought to we not stop destroying it?

0 komentar:

Posting Komentar